10 Key Tips to Choose the Camera You Need

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Today, I will give you some tips on what to look out for when buying a camera. If you’re thinking of buying a camera or switching to a different model camera, I strongly advise you to read these tips. So, you can answer the questions I’ll ask you to find the camera that suits you best. Many camera brands are currently producing new models, including Sony (manufacturer of Nikon-mounted sensors), Olympus, Fujifilm and more.

Almost always the budget is the most important element when deciding to buy a camera model. Normally, we are always thinking of buying a new camera. However, there is a very large second-hand market where we can buy higher model cameras. What you need to know in this case is that  the brands with the largest market share are Canon and Nikon.

What types of cameras are there in the market?

Compact

Compact cameras are smallest cameras with internal and non-changeable lenses. They are also the lowest quality. 10 Key Tips to Choose the Camera You Need

They do not usually have options for manual exposure control , so we can simply use them automatically. It is the typical camera that we can take anywhere, although with the rise of mobile phones and their increasingly better cameras, it seems that they have less and less sense.

Reflex

10 Key Tips to Choose the Camera You Need
The philosophy of the reflex camera is the same, they have the same design and the size is due to both the mirror and the pentaprism that inverts the image so we can see it through the viewfinder.

Known all over the world, they give very good quality due to the sensors they incorporate.

They allow to exchange different objectives, we can shoot in RAW format , and they have more and more functionalities.

One of its strengths is the ergonomics, since they adapt to the hands, and the buttons are strategically placed in the most appropriate position. There are also a large number of accessories and range of objectives.

Its size can be a problem for someone who is not used to carrying the camera with them.

10 Key Tips to Choose the Camera You Need
SLR system, gets its name thanks to the mirror that reflects the light.

CSC (Compact System Camera)

10 Key Tips to Choose the Camera You Need

They are the last type of camera that has come on the market, and are a mixture of compact and SLR camera , since its size is reduced by not carrying a mirror or pentaprism, but allows exchange objectives.

  • The image quality is very good , compared to the large models of SLR cameras. At first, there were several reasons why many photographers did not take the step, although little by little new models are solving them.
  • Focus speed is slower than SLRs , so it’s something they’re trying to improve.
  • The issue of ergonomics is something that some do not convince , first because being so small do not have the feeling of good grip. Also, because to modify some parameter you have to access menus due to the lack of buttons, which slows down the trigger.
  • They have a digital viewfinder instead of an optical viewfinder , which, perhaps, is hard to get used to. Although in favor it has that we can see multitude of options directly in the screen of the visor.
  • Being 100% electronic consume more battery . In addition, the batteries are smaller, so they last less.
  • Some models are sensitive to low temperatures , which is another aspect to consider.

 

On the other hand, they also have many advantages, such as the small size , which allows to go unnoticed and take them almost anywhere. The objectives are in accordance with the bodies, occupying little space, although the range is still a bit reduced in some brands. 

10 Key Tips to Choose the Camera You Need

 

In addition, the objectives that sell these brands are of quality , unlike the objectives that tend to go in the SLRs kit. 

Weight is another aspect to keep in mind , especially if your thing is to walk with the team on your back.

10 Key Tips to Choose the Camera You Need

If the budget is not a problem, there is an urgent need to buy the “best” of the market and think that our photos are better this way. This is the first mistake because you are the one who takes the pictures. The camera is just a tool, a tool that makes life easier in certain situations and helps us to shape what we have in our heads.

I always recommend buying a camera that has some basic features to make the photographs we want to make, and later, if we are bitten by the worm of photography and want more quality or new features, sell it and buy another camera. 

What type of photography do you like?

I know that you have heard this many times, but it is the most important of all, since depending on the type of photography we do, we will need the camera to have specific functionalities. 

Below we see some aspects to consider. 

Quality Before Everything. The sensor

10 Key Tips to Choose the Camera You NeedWhen we talk about quality in photography, we’re not talking about the number of megapixels a photograph has. The megapixels indicate only the size that this photo will have, ie width by height.

For example, if we have a sensor that produces photos with a page of more than 5760 pixels and a page of less than 3840 pixels, the resolution of the camera is about 22.1 MB, as is the case with the Canon 5D Mark 3 ,

Megapixels determine the size with which we can print a photo without losing quality. The quality depends on the sensor and its technology. Currently, the CCD and CMOS sensors are the most widespread (they offer better quality). Without going into too many technical concepts, I would like to say that the sensor that is larger theoretically has more quality (full screen is better than APS-C).

The size of the sensor is associated with the multiplication factor which affects the focal length of the targets. Keep in mind that a 35 mm lens of a full-frame sensor equals 35 mm, but a factor of 1.6 equals 56 mm.

When we talk about quality, we also have to think about the goals. When we buy a camera, we have to assume that we are connected to the brand one way or the other, especially when it comes to achieving new goals.  Go Unnoticed Can Make a Difference 

10 Key Tips to Choose the Camera You Need

For many photographers, size is very important as it helps them to go unnoticed, transport the camera anywhere, and add less weight, which is fundamental to me. 

Smaller bodies also include smaller targets. 

For both the size and the reduced weight, more and more photojournalists, travel photographers and even some nature photographers opt for CSC cameras. 

If Yours is Night Photography

10 Key Tips to Choose the Camera You Need

When I started night photography, I realized that my camera had an ISO limit of 800. From there, the noise was too obvious even after a good finish. So if I wanted to photograph the Milky Way or stars as dots, my new camera had to work well at high ISO values. 

Do not confuse the maximum ISO value that you can use to configure a camera. These are useless values and useless as photos are so loud that we need to delete them. 

The Burst for Action Photography 

10 Key Tips to Choose the Camera You Need

Sometimes, when I talked about a tennis match, I realized that most of the photos would have been lost had my camera’s outbreak slowed down. And for the same reason, if it were even faster, I would have caught fleeting moments.

When you realize the importance of the number of photos a camera can take per second.

Another important aspect of this type of photography are the focus, the more the better, because we can place the focus closest to our subject without having to reorient ourselves.

The type of focus is important as it requires a continuous mode (servo, AF-C) to be able to track while the camera is maintaining focus. There are even cameras that can select focus points by groups to facilitate tracking.

It is also important to know the maximum shutter speed, which can be 1/2000, 1/4000 or 1/8000, depending on the model. The faster you are, the sooner you can freeze a moving subject.

Pay for what you need

10 Key Tips to Choose the Camera You Need

By this I mean that sometimes we want our camera to have one or several specific functionalities, so we have to focus on finding models that meet these requirements , instead of looking for the camera that has more features, without even knowing why. They serve, and if we will ever use them. 

Among the multiple functionalities or aspects that can make us opt for one camera or another are: 

  • Video recording 
  • Live View
  • Folding screen
  • Multiple exposure
  • HDR
  • Connectivity via WIFI or Bluetooth
  • Ergonomics
  • Built-in flash
  • GPS

And you? What aspects or functionalities of a camera are essential for you when buying a camera?

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